Cultural Competency Education in Pharmacy Curricula-Need and Implementation

Published on:June 2020
Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 2020; 13(2):97-112
Review Article | doi:10.5530/ijopp.13.2.16


Cultural Competency Education in Pharmacy Curricula-Need and Implementation


Authors and affiliation (s):

Isha Patel1*, Thanveer Gadwal2, Shameen Shrestha3, Shiama Khieri4, Mary Kate Miller5, Jason W Guy6, Jongwha Chang7, Mark Johnson8

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, Administration and Research, Marshall University School of Pharmacy (MUSOP), One John Marshall Drive, Huntington, West Virginia, USA.

2Lakeside Pharmacy, Huntersville, North Carolina, USA.

3CVS Pharmacy, Great Falls, VA, USA.

4Giant Pharmacy, Stephens City, VA, USA.

5Department of Pharmacy Practice, Administration and Research, Marshall University School of Pharmacy (MUSOP), One John Marshall Drive, Huntington, West Virginia, USA.

6Department of Pharmacy Practice, College of Pharmacy, The University of Findlay, Findlay, Ohio, USA.

7Department of Pharmacy Practice and Clinical Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Texas at El Paso, El Paso, Texas, USA.

8Department of Pharmacy Practice, Bernard J. Dunn School of Pharmacy, Shenandoah University, Winchester, Virginia, USA.

Abstract:

Cultural competency is the ability to interact effectively with people of different cultures. Development of cultural competency skills among health professions students has been a challenge to integrate into curricula. However, further integration of cultural competency concepts may be needed in the future as some literature has shown that training in this area can lead to benefits in patient outcomes. To date there have been different methodologies used to enhance cultural competency including didactic training, community engagement and experiential models focused on communication. The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration has also provided a multi-step plan to help in advancing health professionals’ skills in the area of cultural competency. In addition, the Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education has made cultural competency a major standard for pharmacy programs, thus further integration of valuable instructional methods for cultural competency are needed. Other professional organizations have also started to develop tools and resources to help educate individuals in the area of cultural competency. In the future, further integration of cultural competency education will be necessary to comply with accreditation standards and to improve health professionals’ skillset, which may in turn result in improved patient outcomes.

Key words: Cultural competency, United States, Curriculum, Education, Healthcare.




 

The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice (IJOPP) [ISSN-0974-8326] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 2008.

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