Study on Prescribing Pattern of Antibiotics in a Pediatric Out-Patient Department in a Tertiary Care Teaching and Non-Teaching Hospital

Published on:Dec 2016
Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 2016; 9(4):253-259
Original Article | doi:10.5530/ijopp.9.4.7


Study on Prescribing Pattern of Antibiotics in a Pediatric Out-Patient Department in a Tertiary Care Teaching and Non-Teaching Hospital


Authors and affiliation (s):

Ashok Kumar Malpani*1, Manjunath Waggi1, Asmila Rajbhandari2, Gunda Anil Kumar2, Reddy Nikitha2, Alapathy Kalyan Chakravarthy2

1Department of Pharmacy Practice, RMES’s College of Pharmacy, Old Jewargi Road, Gulbarga, Karnataka-585102, INDIA.

2Department of Pharmacy Practice, NET Pharmacy College, NMCH&RC, Mantralayam Road, Raichur, Karnataka-584103, INDIA. 

Abstract:

Aim: The aim of the study is to conduct a prospective study on prescribing pattern of antibiotics in the out-patient department of Pediatrics and to evaluate the rational use of antibiotics. Methods: The study was conducted with a sample size of 480 patients for a period of 6 months at a Tertiary Care Teaching and Non-teaching Hospital after taking consent from both the hospitals. Results: In our study, a total of 480 prescriptions, hospital 1:225/129 and hospital 2: 225/154 were screened. Out of which 129(57.3%) and 154(60.39%) contained antibiotics and the average number of drugs was 2.93 ± 0.96 and 2.94 ± 0.9 for hospital 1 and 2 respectively. Majority of the prescriptions contained only one antibiotic. Moderate drug interactions of 85% and minor interactions of 15% were found from both the hospitals. Most common diseases found were upper respiratory tract infections (URTI-25.58%), fever (25.58%), gastroenteritis (GE) 17.82%) in hospital 1 and fever (22.72%), URTI (20.12%), LRTI (14.93%), GE (19.48) and UTI (16.23%) in hospital-2.Commonly prescribed antibiotic class and drugs was penicillin‑amoxicillin(18.18%)-hospital1,cephalosporins-cefixime(32.14%), ceftriaxone (21.42%) and cefodoxamine (40.17%)-hospital 2. The commonly used antibiotic combination was amoxicillin + clavulanic acid (hospital1:75%, hospital2-100%). The average total prescription cost and antibiotic cost was Rs. 96.96 and Rs. 45.30 (hospital 1), and Rs. 69.80 & Rs. 39.60. (hospital 2) respectively. Conclusion: The total number of drugs and the number of antibiotics prescribed were found to be rational in both the hospitals. However more rationality was observed in non-teaching hospital with regard to prescribing pattern as well as economic criteria compared to teaching hospital.

Key words: Prescribing pattern, Antibiotic, Outpatient, Paediatric.




 

The Official Journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI)
(Registered under Registration of Societies Act XXI of 1860 No. 122 of 1966-1967, Lucknow)

Indian Journal of Pharmacy Practice (IJOPP) [ISSN-0974-8326] is the official journal of Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India (APTI) and is being published since 1967.

DOI HISTORY

IJOPP uses reference linking service using Digital Object Identifiers (DOI) by Crossref. Articles from the year 2014 are being assigned DOIs for its permanent URLs